Thanks to the Arab Organisation for Human Rights for its financial support for this report.
Thanks also to all those who have shared information with us about or related to the UAE lobby. We are indebted to a wide variety of people who have shared stories and information with us, most of whom must remain nameless. We also thank Hilary Aked, Izzy Gill, Tom Griffin, Tom Mills. On a personal note, thanks to Narzanin Massoumi for her many contributions to this work.
Conflict of interest statement
No external person had any role in the study, design, collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, or writing of the report. For the transparency policy of Public Interest Investigations and a list of grants received see: www.spinwatch.org
PUBLIC INTEREST INVESTIGATIONS
Public Interest Investigations (PII) is an independent non-profit making organisation. Founded in 2004, PII promotes greater understanding of the role of PR, propaganda and lobbying and of the power networks that they support, through its website Spinwatch (www. spinwatch.org) and its investigative wiki site Powerbase (www.powerbase.info).
Spinwatch is a founder member of the Alliance for Lobbying Transparency and Ethics Regulation in the EU (ALTE R-EU), the Alliance for Lobbying Transparency UK (ALT -UK) and the Scottish Alliance for Lobbying Transparency (SALT ).
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Alex Delmar-Morgan is a freelance journalist in London and has written for a range of national titles including The Guardian, The Daily Telegraph, and The Independent. He is the former Qatar and Bahrain correspondent for the Wall Street Journal and Dow Jones.
David Miller is a director of Public Interest Investigations, of which Spinwatch.org and Powerbase.info are projects. He is also Professor of Sociology at the University of Bath in England. From 2013-2016 he was RCUK Global Uncertainties Leadership Fellow leading a project on Understanding and explaining terrorism expertise in practice. Recent publications include: • The Quilliam Foundation: How ‘counterextremism’ works, (co-author, Public interest Investigations, 2018); • Islamophobia in Europe: counter-extremism policies and the counterjihad movement, (co-author, Public interest Investigations, 2018); • Impact of market forces on addictive substances and behaviours: The web of influence of addictive industries. (co-author, OUP, 2018); • What is Islamophobia? Racism, social movements and the State. (co-editor, Pluto Press, 2017); • The Israel Lobby and the European Union (coauthor, Public Interest Investigations, 2016); • The Henry Jackson Society and the Degeneration of British Neoconservatism. (co-author, Public Interest Investigations, 2015, 2nd Ed. 2018); • How Israel attempts to mislead the United Nations: Deconstructing Israel’s campaign against the Palestinian Return Centre. (Coauthor, Public Interest Investigations, 2015); • The Britain Israel Communications and Research Centre. Giving peace a chance? (co-author, Public Interest Investigations, 2013).
*Bill Law is a Sony award-winning journalist. He joined the BBC in 1995 and since 2002 has reported extensively from the Middle East. He has travelled to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia many times. In 2003 he was one of the first journalists to cover the beginnings of the insurgency that engulfed Iraq. His documentary The Gulf: Armed & Dangerous which aired in late 2010 anticipated the revolutions that became the Arab Spring. He then covered the uprisings in Egypt, Libya and Bahrain. Bill also reported from Afghanistan and Pakistan. Before leaving the BBC in April 2014, he was the corporationâ€™s Gulf analyst. He now works as a freelance journalist focusing on the Gulf and is a regular contributor to the Independent, Middle East Eye, Monocle Radio, Gulf States News, the BBC and the New Arab.
Disclaimer Views and opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of The Cordoba Foundation.
The Cordoba Foundation (TCF) is an independent strategic thinktank that works to promote intercultural dialogue and positive coexistence, through a range of activities including research and publications, training and capacity building, policy briefings and dialogues. The Foundation takes its name from the city of Cordoba, the European metropolis that was once a symbol of human excellence and intellectual ingenuity, where cultures, civilisations and ideas thrived. Embodying this spirit, the Foundation today facilitates the meeting of minds, to advance understanding and respect for one another. www.thecordobafoundation.com
In Shariah: What Everyone Needs to KnowÂ®, John Esposito and Natana DeLong-Bas offer an accessible and thorough guide to this little-understood, but often caricatured system. By answering the questions that so many people have about Shariah and its role in Muslim life, this book makes an invaluable contribution to the crucial task of fostering mutual understanding in our globalizing, pluralistic societies.
Unlike the Charlie-Hebdo and the kosher store attacks in January 2015, the perpetrators this time targeted public places, chosen not for their symbolic character, but ordinary people out on a Friday night. The intent: to inflict maximum casualties and victims as well as disrupting ordinary life. Sadly, the perpetrators were largely successful.
John L. Esposito is University Professor, Professor of Religion and International Affairs of Islamic Studies, and Founding Director of the Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding at Georgetown University. His more than 50 books include What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam, The Future of Islam, and Who Speaks for Islam?: What a Billion Muslims Really Think . His writings have been translated into more than 40 languages.
Natana J. DeLong-Bas is the author of Islam: A Living Faith, Wahhabi Islam: From Revival and Reform to Global Jihad, and Notable Muslims: Muslim Builders of World Civilization and Culture. She is Editor-in-Chief of The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women. DeLong- Bas teaches Theology and Islamic Civilizations and Societies at Boston College.
Provides both historical and contemporary coverage on a wide range of disciplines
Europe’s citizens are its biggest strength and the key to change the current political impasse on migration. We are coming together to launch a European-wide campaign in order to put pressure on politicians, in particular as part of the 2019 European Parliament elections, and put forth our demands.
We want the European Commission to directly support local groups that are willing to welcome and integrate refugees because we should have the chance to sponsor refugees.
We want the European Commission to stop those governments that are punishing volunteers because no one should be prosecuted for offering humanitarian help and shelter.
We want the European Commission to guarantee more effective ways to defend victims of exploitation, crime and human rights abuses in our countries and at the borders because everyone in Europe – whatever their status – has the right to seek justice.
The initiative claims that citizens across Europe want to sponsor refugees to offer them a safe home and a new life.
Yemeni tribes as collective entities have not backed or allied with AQAP, agreed to give its fighters safe haven, or endorsed its radical ideology; to the contrary, tribes have tended to see the group as a potentially serious challenge to their authority
This timely report by Nadwa Al-Dawsari unpacks the dynamics between tribes and AQAP to explain that Yemeni tribes are not an inherent part of the problem, but instead could represent a key to countering the group effectively. The report describes the evolution of al-Qaeda in Yemen since the late 1980s; what tribes are, the government’s relations with tribes, and tribes’ governance and value systems; and AQAP-tribal interactions before and during the civil war, when some tribes have coordinated with AQAP against the Houthis, a common enemy.
The report goes on to discuss how the excessively militarised U.S. counterterrorism approach has worsened some of the conditions on the ground that fuelled al-Qaeda in Yemen in the first place.
Finally, the report offers four broad recommendations for U.S. policy including 1) Work to end the war as soon as possible; 2) Do not wait until the end of the war, however, to help Yemenis strengthen security and improve living conditions; 3) Limit the use of airstrikes and raids against AQAP, especially in areas where clashes between Houthis and tribes are ongoing; and 4) Explore the possibility of rehabilitation for some tribesmen who joined AQAP for economic, political, or social reasons, not out of ideological commitment.
AQAP exploited the security vacuum created when Yemen’s military and security forces split into pro-and anti-Saleh factions, or simply disintegrated.
Muslims are projected to increase as a share of Europe’s population even with no future migration.
In recent years, Europe has experienced a record influx of asylum seekers fleeing conflicts in Syria and other predominantly Muslim countries. This wave of Muslim migrants has prompted debate about immigration and security policies in numerous countries and has raised questions about the current and future number of Muslims in Europe.
To see how the size of Europeâ€™s Muslim population may change in the coming decades, Pew Research Center has modeled three scenarios that vary depending on future levels of migration. These are not efforts to predict what will happen in the future, but rather a set of projections about what could happen under different circumstances.
The baseline for all three scenarios is the Muslim population in Europe (defined here as the 28 countries presently in the European Union, plus Norway and Switzerland) as of mid-2016, estimated at 25.8 million (4.9% of the overall population) â€“ up from 19.5 million (3.8%) in 2010.
Even if all migration into Europe were to immediately and permanently stop â€“ a â€œzero migrationâ€ scenario â€“ the Muslim population of Europe still would be expected to rise from the current level of 4.9% to 7.4% by the year 2050. This is because Muslims are younger (by 13 years, on average) and have higher fertility (one child more per woman, on average) than other Europeans, mirroring a global pattern.
Amount of growth in Europe’s Muslim population depends on future migration